Goodman was born on June 20, 1952, in Affton, MO - a small, unincorporated area of St. Louis County. His father, a postal worker, died of a heart attack when he was only two years old, leaving his barbeque joint waitress mother to raise three children on her own. Goodman was a dedicated football player - as well as a smart aleck devotee of Mad Magazine - and following high school graduation in 1970 he earned a football scholarship to Southwest Missouri State University. An injury squashed any hopes of a professional sports career, forcing the funny, outgoing charmer to switch his major to drama. In 1975, Goodman graduated with a theater degree, then moved to New York with a suitcase in hand and some money lent by his brother, Leslie. He had never been to the Big Apple - as a small town Midwesterner, he immediately felt out of place. Undeterred, however, Goodman hit the audition circuit running and in a month landed work with a touring dinner theater production of "1776."
Over the next few years his average working-guy looks paid the bills in a series of commercials, including a rather infamous one where he slapped his face with skin bracer and commented "Thanks, I needed that!" He moved up the ranks of the New York theater community with his 1978 performance in a disco version of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" at the Equity Library. The following year he scored a slot on Broadway in "Loose Ends" and fell in with a crew of struggling actors (Bruce Willis, Kevin Kline, and Dennis Quaid among others) known for frequenting Café Central on the Upper West Side. Goodman was still eking out a living doing commercials when he auditioned for the notorious 1980-81 season of Saturday Night Live, though he failed to make the cut. Little did he know at the time that he would wind up hosting a dozen episodes of the show.
In 1983, Goodman began to build serious career momentum. He landed on a road tour of the musical "The Robber Bridegroom" while making his film and TV film debuts with "Eddie Macon's Run" (1982) and "Face of Rage" (ABC, 1983). He finally got the chance to show a large audience his enormous talents when he originated the role of Huck Finn's father in the Tony-winning Broadway musical "Big River" (1985-87) at the Eugene O'Neill Theater. Goodman stayed with the long-running production until he was cast in his first sizable film role in David Byrne's stylized Texas comedy True Stories (1986). This led to another quirky Southwestern feature, the Coen Brothers comic gem Raising Arizona (1987), in which Goodman made a memorable impression as an escaped convict who tangles with a reformed stick-up artist (Nicolas Cage) over a kidnapped baby. That same year he and fellow Café Central patron Dennis Quaid shared the screen in the Louisiana crime caper "The Big Easy," which would also mark the beginning of Goodman's lifelong affair with New Orleans where he later met his future wife, Anna Elizabeth Hartzog. Meanwhile, during the mid-1980s, Goodman wrote and performed sketch comedy on the monthly radio show "Citizen Kafka" on WBAI radio in New York.
Goodman was acting in a 1987 stage production of ''Antony and Cleopatra'' in Los Angeles when he was spotted by an ABC talent scout looking for a TV mate for comic Roseanne Barr. Goodman was perfect for the role of working-class Midwestern dad with a goofy streak and a penchant for beer and ball games. The show became a top of the ratings hit for its outstanding writing and performing, as well as its groundbreaking approach to sexuality, poverty and feminism. The role of Dan Conner was a career-making one for Goodman, who received a Best Actor Golden Globe Award in 1993 and seven Emmy nominations from 1989 through 1995, quickly establishing him as an in-demand supporting actor for features. In 1988, Goodman showed some dramatic range as the tragic Edward Lawrence in "Everybody's All-American," then followed by playing the first of several salesmen roles of his career in Punchline (1988) with Sally Field. Goodman took a co-starring role in the successful Spielberg send-up Arachnophobia (1990) and reached top billing status the following year in the unfortunate dud "King Ralph," though he fared much better in a crucial supporting role as a creepy traveling salesman in the Coens' film fest hit "Barton Fink" (also 1991). He again received top billing - and critical kudos - for his bravura portrayal of baseball legend Babe Ruth in the sentimental biopic The Babe (1992). In 1993, Goodman starred in "Matinee," a worthy albeit kitschy homage to 1950s B-movies, as well as a disastrous remake of "Born Yesterday" co-starring Melanie Griffith.
For the live-action take on The Flintstones (1994), Goodman convincingly played cartoon icon Fred Flintstone as a flawed but basically good-natured oaf and devoted husband who succeeds despite his loudmouthed manner and co-dependent relationship with Barney Rubble (Rick Moranis). The summer blockbuster grossed $37 million its first weekend, making it the first film to truly benefit from Goodman's rising star power. By then a part-time resident of Louisiana, Goodman produced and starred in the TNT biopic of its infamous son, "Kingfish: A Story of Huey P. Long" (1995), earning himself an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Special. He also co-starred opposite Alec Baldwin and Jessica Lange in that year's TV remake of "A Streetcar Named Desire" (CBS), snagging his ninth Emmy nod. Goodman was a natural to play Shakespeare's larger-than-life Falstaff in a San Diego stage production of "Henry IV (Parts 1 and 2) at the Old Globe Theatre during his 1995 hiatus from "Roseanne," then followed with small roles in "Pie in the Sky" and "Mother Night" (both 1996). His growing film career led to his decision to leave "Roseanne" at the end of the eighth season. Producers accommodated him and decreased his presence in the story line of the sitcom, which was flagging in popularity after a sudden departure into the surreal. But for his breakout role, Goodman would forever be ranked No. 13 on TV Guide's list of "50 Greatest Dads of All Time."
Fully devoted to the big screen post-"Roseanne," Goodman was villainous in the film adaptation of the children's book The Borrowers (1998), then was brilliant as irascible Vietnam vet Walter Sobchak in the Coen Brothers bowling crime caper The Big Lebowski (1998). After a "Saturday Night Live" appearance where Goodman performed alongside Dan Aykroyd as a new member of the reformed Blues Brothers, the two filmed a lackluster sequel to the original film, Blues Brothers 2000 (1998), directed by John Landis. Following a role as a hyperactive paramedic in Martin Scorsese's Bringing Out the Dead (1999), Goodman churned out a string of uninspiring features, including What Planet Are You From? (2000), One Night At Mccool's (2001), and Coyote Ugly (2000). He managed to redeem himself as the one-eyed Bible salesman Big Dan Teague in O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000), a Coen Brothers' retelling of Homer's Ulysses set in the Depression.
A voiceover role for We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story (1993) opened up a whole new line of work for Goodman - he subsequently voiced "Frosty Returns" (CBS, 1995), Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer: The Movie (1998) and the series "The Pigs Next Door" (Fox Family). He began a relationship with Disney and voiced The Emperor's New Groove (2000), The Jungle Book 2 (2003), Clifford's Really Big Movie (2004), and "Cars" (2006). His most memorable voice was that of the hulking, but soft-hearted monster James P. "Sully" Sullivan in the much-loved Monsters, Inc. (2001) as well as its various sequels and tie-ins. In 2000, Goodman returned to series TV playing a gay single father sharing his home with another single dad in the short-lived Fox sitcom "Normal, Ohio" (2000), which earned him a People's Choice Award for Best Actor. Back on the big screen, he had a supporting role in My First Mister (2001), an hysterical turn in Todd Solondz's Storytelling (2002) and another supporting job in the Bob Dylan-penned oddity Masked & Anonymous (2003). Following the off-Broadway Nazi drama "The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui," Goodman had an excellent run on 2003-04 season of "The West Wing" (NBC, 1999-2006) as Glenallen Walken, a Republican Speaker of the House who temporarily relieves President Bartlett as Commander in Chief during a moment of personal crisis involving Bartlett's daughter, Zoey (Elisabeth Moss).
Goodman made a brief return to the sitcom universe with "Center of the Universe" (2004-05) but the show was cancelled after 12 episodes. That same year he appeared in Beyond the Sea (2004), Kevin Spacey's biography of jazz singer Bobby Darin before hitting the stage in a production of Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" at Los Angeles' Geffen Playhouse (2005). In 2006, he co-starred in the little seen film "Marilyn Hotchkiss Ballroom Dancing and Charm School" and made a couple of appearances as a small town Nevada judge on "Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip" (NBC 2006-07). Goodman kept up his three-picture-a-year average in 2007, following up the universally panned "Evan Almighty" with a voiceover in the Jerry Seinfeld-penned animated feature "Bee Movie" and the Kevin Bacon thriller "Death Sentence." Meanwhile, Goodman earned himself yet another Emmy award nomination, getting the nod for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series for "Studio 60." After playing Pops Racer in Speed Racer (2008), Goodman returned to the stage for the Roundabout Theatre Company's Broadway production of "Waiting for Godot" (2009). He next had a recurring role as a college professor on the acclaimed series, "Treme" (HBO, 2010), which he followed with a co-starring role in Barry Levinson's biography on Jack Kevorkian (Al Pacino), "You Don't Know Jack" (HBO, 2010). His performance earned Goodman Emmy and Screen Actors Guild award nominations for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie.
Working at one of the more breakneck paces that he had in years, 2011 saw him in no fewer than five projects, among them a leading role as a by-the-book ATF agent in charge of a botched raid on a radical religious cult's compound in Kevin Smith's incendiary horror movie Red State (2011). Later, he was perfectly cast as a larger-than-life movie studio chief during Hollywood's Golden Age in the Academy Award-winning comedy-drama The Artist (2011). On television, Goodman picked up a recurring role as unscrupulous government contractor Howard T. Erickson on the fourth season of "Damages" (FX, 2007-2010/Audience, 2011-12), in addition to a hilarious recurring turn as the Machiavellian Dean Laybourne on the continuing education sitcom "Community" (NBC, 2009- ). Closing out the season for the veteran actor was a small cameo as Stan the Doorman in the critically-maligned 9/11 melodrama "Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close" (2011).
Showing no signs of slowing down, Goodman ventured across the Atlantic, where he appeared in several episodes of the British television series "Dancing on the Edge" (BBC, 2012- ), a period drama set against the backdrop of London's jazz scene in the 1930s. Over the course of the summer, he voiced a small-town misfit who speaks to ghosts in the animated horror comedy-adventure ParaNorman (2012) and lent his support to Clint Eastwood in the actor-director's baseball-themed drama Trouble with the Curve (2012). Goodman delivered another memorably gregarious performance when he played a crafty Hollywood makeup effects artist in writer-director-star Ben Affleck's universally acclaimed Iranian hostage crisis docudrama Argo (2012). Continuing his winning streak, he also took on a role as the drug-dealing friend of Denzel Washington's troubled airline pilot in director Robert Zemeckis' return to live-action filmmaking, Flight (2012). The fun-loving actor then capped the busy year off by voicing Santa Claus for the animated TV-movie "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!" (Nickelodeon, 2012).
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